Breaches of the Code and Research Misconduct
What is a breach of The Macquarie Code?
A Breach of The Macquarie Code is an unintentional failure to comply with principles or specific provisions of University policies governing the conduct of research by University researchers. A breach does not include honest differences in the interpretation of data.
What is Research Misconduct?
Research misconduct constitutes a failure to comply with The Macquarie Code, the Australian Code for the Responsible Conduct of Research (2007) or specific provisions of University policies governing the conduct of research by University researchers. Research misconduct includes intent and deliberation, recklessness or persistent negligence; and/or seriously deviates from accepted standards within the research and scholarly community for proposing, conducting or reporting research; and may have serious consequences.
Repeated or continuing breaches of The Macquarie Code may constitute research misconduct. Where there has been previous counselling or specific direction, repeated or continuing breaches do constitute research misconduct.
Research misconduct does not include errors or differences in interpretation or judgment of data which are not dishonest, reckless or persistently negligent.
Examples of research misconduct include:
- Fabrication of data or results;
- Falsification of data or results;
- Plagiarism of data, results, or written outputs;
- Redundant or duplicate publication of data, results, or written outputs;
- Failure to declare or adequately manage risk to the safety of human participants, or the wellbeing of animals or the environment;
- Misleading ascription of authorship to a publication including listing authors without their permission, attributing work to people who did not contribute to the publication, omission of people eligible to be authors, lack of appropriate acknowledgement of work primarily produced by others;
- Failure to disclose conflicts of interest or cases where a conflict of interest might reasonably be perceived to exist;
- Falsification or misrepresentation to obtain funding;
- Wilfully conducting research without required ethics approval as required by the National Statement on Ethical Conduct in Research Involving Humans (2007 – updated March 2014) and the Australian Code of Practice for the Care and Use of Animals for Scientific Purposes (2013);
- Wilfully conducting research that is not compliant with the Gene Technology Act 2000 (Cth), the Gene Technology Regulations 2001 (Cth), and any relevant guidelines issued by the Office of the Gene Technology Regulator; and
- Wilful concealment or facilitation of research misconduct by others.